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Golf Fitness and Sports Performance

Sport can be defined as all forms of competitive physical activity, which through casual or organised participation aim to use, maintain or improve physical fitness, provide stimulation and entertainment for participants.

It might be worth mentioning that there are a number of activities described as sport which do not require physical fitness, but do require the same mental attributes associated with physical sport and competition!

Sports performance can be attributed to skill, fitness and mental attributes.

Components of Fitness

  • Cardiovascular Endurance – Efficiency of the heart and lungs to extract oxygen from the air and utilise it effectively within the working muscles and organs. Working at 70 – 80% maximum age related heart rate for a prolonged period of time.
  • Strength – the extent to which muscles can exert force by contracting against resistance
  • Power – the ability to exert maximum muscular contraction instantly in an explosive burst of movements. The two components of power are strength and speed. (e.g. jumping or a sprint start)
  • Agility – the ability to perform a series of explosive power movements in rapid succession in opposing directions.
  • – the ability to control the body’s position, either whilst moving or stationary
  • Flexibility – the ability to achieve an extended range of movement
  • Muscular Endurance – a muscle’s ability to perform a maximum contraction time after time
  • Co-ordination– the ability to integrate the above listed components so that effective movements are achieved.

Sports Psychology

It is common for sports performers to work with a coach to develop all aspects of performance including mental attributes. In more recent years it has become apparent that during competition performers rely on the strength of their metal attributes in order to succeed and win!

Developing mental attributes and building on existing ones can make the difference between a performance being good or great, great or excellent, excellent or world-class.

Examples of performance attributes are:

  • Self belief
  • Focus
  • Determination
  • Motivation
  • Drive
  • Concentration
  • Decision making under pressure


Skill is rather difficult to define therefore it is probably better to refer to the types of skill; these being:

  • Cognitive – or intellectual skills that require thought processes
  • Perceptual – interpretation of presented information
  • Motor – movement and muscle control
  • Perceptual motor – involve the thought, interpretation and movement skills

Maximise your performance with Active Aims. We can help you to improve your mental attributes and your fitness levels. Using sports-specific programming and psychological coaching techniques, you can take your performance to the next level.